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Opinion: SB 19-181 “Necessary and Reasonable



The Colorado law governing oil and gas development is outdated.
This current legislative session is when much needed change should happen. Residents of Colorado have made it clear that they want protection of health and safety to be a priority. The bill that was introduced in the Senate is known as SB181 “Protect Public Welfare Oil and Gas Operations” and is intended to finally restore balance to local communities while also protecting public health, safety, welfare, and the environment.


To fulfill the intention of the bill, the language must be clear in providing the COGCC and local governments the authority to protect public health and safety. The language in the bill should allow the COGCC and local governments the ability to protect health and safety – and any attempt to make this happen should not end in courtroom battles.

During the floor debate, an amendment to the bill added the words “necessary and reasonable” as qualifiers to the requirement of protection of public health, safety, and welfare which places the burden on both the state and local governments to put forward the resources to argue the case, rather than placing the burden on the operator who proposes to drill in close proximity to communities.

However, there is still time to define these qualifiers in a way that will spare the unnecessary burden of defining this language in the courts.

The word “necessary” is an objective term. However, “reasonable” is subjective and depends upon the context in which the situation is being viewed. What is necessary and reasonable to one person is not necessary OR reasonable to another. It’s an invitation for industry to sue over proposed regulations or rules and invites Colorado courts to interpret the intent of the elected representatives. If the word “reasonable” is stricken from the text, or a clear definition is provided that ensures that the decisions are justifiable and based on actions, measures, or prohibitions required to protect health, safety, welfare, and the environment, this ambiguity will be eliminated and should save court battles.

Our State government needs to stop infantilizing local governments. Local governments are able to weigh the cost and benefit to their own communities and to make sound policy decisions. They should not have to justify their decisions in court as “reasonable and necessary.”

If the final amended language of SB181 is not clear, the struggle will continue for communities facing residential-fracking. The health and safety of Colorado Residents is too precious not to be protected.


Laurie Anderson is a resident of Broomfield and a member of Broomfield Health and Safety First (the group that passed Proposition 301 in Broomfield). She is a Mechanical Engineer by trade, but is currently working to bring a voice to communities impacted by residential fracking. She focuses on cumulative risk analysis and health impacts of oil and gas development near residential communities.

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